Scientific Integrity and Good Practises

Scientific integrity involves the observance and promotion of ethical principles and professional responsibilities in research, which inspire and guarantee good practise.


Although there are world conferences about scientific integrity, an internationally accepted definition of it does not exist. However, a growing number of countries have national bodies, agencies or other institutions devoted to scientific integrity, as well as national and transnational networks and forums.

Scientific integrity corresponds to a behaviour pattern in research characterised by the observance and promotion of ethical and deontological principles that inspire and guarantee a rigorous and responsible praxis.

National Declaration on Scientific Integrity

Scientific good practises

Good practises are a series of individual and organisational actions and behaviours based on the fundamental values of science, that express the principles and responsibilities that scientific integrity implies. Good scientific practices support responsible conduct in research. 


Conflicts of interests

Conflicts of interest arise in situations in which adequate compliance with public professional obligations and responsibilities, professional criteria or judgment, or compliance with the institutional mission may be unduly affected by private or secondary interests. Conflicts of interest should NOT be identified with malpractice in research, but if they are not handled properly, they represent a clear threat to scientific integrity.


Deviations from scientific good practises

During the development of scientific research, there are some conducts detached from the rigorous and responsible praxis which can be categorised according to its effects and the consequences derived from them. The major infringement of scientific good practises is constituted by the illicit manufacturing and fabrication, along with the commonly accepted as research misconduct which also includes plagiarism. In addition to illicit manufacturing, falsification and plagiarism, there are a series of unacceptable practises that, although do not falsify or distort the data’ registers and results, constitute undoubtedly irresponsible and undesirable behaviours.

Other relevant documents

Author’s responsibility in multidisciplinary publications