Noticias Expertos en nanomicroscopías se reúnen para hablar de nanomecánica celular y su aplicación en la salud MICROSCOPIA_12350743.gcl 2018-04-19T11:04:01Z 2018-04-19T11:04:01Z <div class="description">18/04/2018</div><div class="body"><table width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="right"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><em><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/4b24acc0-3266-4311-b147-e737106b53b6/19abril2018_Congreso_Microscopia.pdf" target="_blank">Nota de prensa</a> (pdf)</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">M&aacute;s de un centenar de cient&iacute;ficos de todo el mundo se dan cita hasta el 20 de abril en la '7th Multifrequency AFM conference'. La conferencia sobre m&eacute;todos avanzados de microscop&iacute;a de fuerzas, que se celebra en Madrid, est&aacute; organizada por el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) y tiene como uno de sus temas principales la aplicaci&oacute;n de las t&eacute;cnicas de microscop&iacute;a para caracterizar y entender de una forma m&aacute;s detallada las propiedades f&iacute;sicas de las c&eacute;lulas, en particular las nanomec&aacute;nicas. Esas propiedades dependen del estado fisiol&oacute;gico y patol&oacute;gico de las c&eacute;lulas. El objetivo final es desarrollar metodolog&iacute;as que puedan facilitar el desarrollo de lo que se conoce como medicina personalizada.<br /> </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los ponentes abordar&aacute;n los avances en diversas &aacute;reas como nanomec&aacute;nica, nanomedicina, nanomicroscop&iacute;a tridimensional, resoluci&oacute;n molecular en l&iacute;quidos o m&eacute;todos de multifrecuencia. La conferencia permitir&aacute; compartir conocimientos y experiencias sobre la instrumentaci&oacute;n, las metodolog&iacute;as y los aspectos te&oacute;ricos m&aacute;s avanzados en microscop&iacute;a de fuerzas. Durante las jornadas se presentar&aacute;n adem&aacute;s los &uacute;ltimos resultados en nanomec&aacute;nica aplicados a c&eacute;lulas y materiales blandos.&nbsp;<br /> </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El investigador Sergei V. Kalinin, del Oak Ridge National Laboratory Institute for Functional Imaging of Materials (Estados Unidos), impartir&aacute; la conferencia plenaria <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Scanning Probe Microscopy: Exploring the Information Dimension</i>. Kalinin, que dedica su carrera investigadora al desarrollo de la microscop&iacute;a de fuerzas para el desarrollo de bater&iacute;as m&aacute;s eficientes, recibir&aacute; asimismo el premio a la trayecto.<br /> </span></span></p> <table width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="left"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/c5c6899b-cf5f-43b0-9d72-388d356ed891/Congreso3.jpg" alt="" width="500" height="281" /><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span lang="EN-US">Asistentes al '7th Multifrequency AFM conference'. / CSIC</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> 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2018-04-19T11:04:01Z Reunión sobre el Plan Estratégico del CSIC 2018-2021 AGENDA_DEL_16_AL_20_DE_ABRIL_12350646.gcl 2018-04-16T14:37:53Z 2018-04-16T14:37:53Z <div class="description">16/04/2018</div><div class="body"><table align="right" width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/5baf52b5-ed9a-4580-926a-aed8808ac386/Agenda_Semana%2520del%252016%2520al%252020%2520de%2520abril.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Informaci&oacute;n </strong></a>(<em>365 kb</em>)</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/362aeaa2-cb29-4575-badd-0b775505a449/foto_reunion_directores.jpg" target="_blank"><strong>Fotograf&iacute;a </strong></a>(<em>450 kb)</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><strong><span style="font-family: Arial;" />Lunes 16 de abril</strong><br /> <br /> <strong> Reuni&oacute;n sobre el Plan Estrat&eacute;gico del CSIC 2018-2021</strong></p> <p><strong>Resumen: </strong><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:DoNotShowRevisions /> <w:DoNotPrintRevisions /> <w:DoNotShowMarkup /> <w:DoNotShowComments /> <w:DoNotShowInsertionsAndDeletions /> <w:DoNotShowPropertyChanges /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> 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2018-2021 del organismo. La primera jornada de estas reuniones de trabajo ha estado presidida por la secretaria de Estado de Investigaci&oacute;n, Desarrollo e Investigaci&oacute;n, Carmen Vela.</span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <table align="center" width="700" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/01e00aa0-b086-4116-a04b-39da4b9c21de/foto_reunion_directores_700.jpg" alt="" align="middle" width="700" height="467" /></td> </tr> </tbody> </table></div> 2018-04-16T14:37:53Z El concurso iGEM-BioGalaxy llevará al MIT a ocho estudiantes de secundaria navarros NAVARRA_12349385.gcl 2018-04-13T11:17:28Z 2018-04-13T11:17:28Z <div class="description">13/04/2018</div><div class="body"><p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:DoNotShowRevisions /> 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mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--> <table width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" height="50" align="right"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/d7795c04-8b50-4736-8bd0-01a51ef7f81d/12abril2018concurso_navarra.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong></a> (<em>331 kb</em>)</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Mezclas, medidas, probetas, pipetas, muestras, bacterias, trabajo en equipo y presentaci&oacute;n de proyectos. Explorar el mundo de las energ&iacute;as renovables o problemas industriales que tengan que ver con la alimentaci&oacute;n, la salud o los suelos contaminados. Estos son algunos de los temas que se tratar&aacute;n en un concurso organizado por el International Genetically Engineered Machine Foundation (iGEM), dirigido a estudiantes de secundaria, que tiene como broche de oro la presentaci&oacute;n de un trabajo en el Instituto Tecnol&oacute;gico de Massachusetts (MIT), en Boston (Estados Unidos). En esta edici&oacute;n, el certamen contar&aacute; con la participaci&oacute;n de investigadores del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) en Navarra.<br /> <br /> Ocho alumnos de 4&ordm; de ESO, 1&ordm; y 2&ordm; de Bachillerato de centros educativos navarros podr&aacute;n participar en un equipo multidisciplinar denominado iGEM-Biogalaxy cuyo reto ser&aacute; la producci&oacute;n de plantas destinadas a misiones espaciales. En esta misi&oacute;n, iGEM-Biogalaxy contar&aacute; con la experiencia y el asesoramiento del CSIC y la coordinaci&oacute;n del equipo del Planetario de Pamplona. El equipo iGEM-BioGalaxy ser&aacute; el primer equipo espa&ntilde;ol de secundaria en participar en el concurso iGEM.<br /> <br /> &ldquo;El CSIC colabora en este proyecto con toda su experiencia y soporte en medios t&eacute;cnicos y humanos, aportando tanto t&eacute;cnicas de laboratorio como cient&iacute;ficos expertos que acompa&ntilde;ar&aacute;n y asesorar&aacute;n al equipo durante los meses de desarrollo del proyecto&rdquo;, asegura Maria Jes&uacute;s Grill&oacute;, representante institucional del CSIC en Navarra.<br /> <br /> <strong>Concurso iGEM</strong><br /> <br /> La International Genetically Engineered Machine Foundation es una organizaci&oacute;n independiente, sin &aacute;nimo de lucro, dedicada a la educaci&oacute;n y la competencia, el avance de la biolog&iacute;a sint&eacute;tica y el desarrollo de una comunidad abierta y de colaboraci&oacute;n.<br /> <br /> iGEM comenz&oacute; en enero de 2003 como un curso de estudio independiente en el Instituto Tecnol&oacute;gico de Massachusetts (MIT), donde los estudiantes desarrollaron dispositivos biol&oacute;gicos para hacer que las c&eacute;lulas parpadearan. Este curso se convirti&oacute; en un concurso de verano con 5 equipos en 2004 y continu&oacute; creciendo a 13 equipos en 2005; se ampli&oacute; a 300 equipos en 2016, llegando a 42 pa&iacute;ses y con m&aacute;s de 5.000 participantes.<br /> <br /> El concurso iGEM ofrece a los estudiantes la oportunidad de superar los l&iacute;mites de la biolog&iacute;a sint&eacute;tica al abordar los problemas cotidianos a los que se enfrenta el mundo. Los equipos multidisciplinares trabajan juntos para dise&ntilde;ar, construir, probar y medir un sistema de dise&ntilde;o propio utilizando piezas biol&oacute;gicas intercambiables y t&eacute;cnicas est&aacute;ndar de biolog&iacute;a molecular. Cada a&ntilde;o, casi 6.000 personas dedican su verano a iGEM y luego se re&uacute;nen en oto&ntilde;o para presentar su trabajo y convivir en el Jamboree anual.<br /> <br /> <strong>iGEM-Biogalaxy</strong><br /> <br /> El equipo busca a ocho participantes, cuatro chicos y cuatro chicas, de ESO, 1&ordm; y 2&ordm; de Bachillerato, con una base de conocimientos de biolog&iacute;a, procedentes de diferentes centros educativos de Navarra. Deber&aacute;n tener un nivel alto de ingl&eacute;s y recibir&aacute;n formaci&oacute;n impartida por cient&iacute;ficos del CSIC para llevar a cabo el proyecto.<br /> <br /> Ser&aacute;n los centros educativos quienes propongan a los alumnos (un chico y una chica por centro educativo). El plazo vence el pr&oacute;ximo 20 de abril y los datos deber&aacute;n ser enviados a la direcci&oacute;n de correo: igem@planetastem.com.<br /> <br /> <strong>Planeta STEM</strong><br /> <br /> La participaci&oacute;n de estos alumnos en el certamen se enmarca en el programa divulgativo para impulsar la ciencia, la tecnolog&iacute;a, la ingenier&iacute;a y las matem&aacute;ticas Planeta STEM. Se trata de un proyecto de Planetario de Pamplona y los Departamentos de Desarrollo Econ&oacute;mico y de Educaci&oacute;n del Gobierno de Navarra, al que se ha unido el CSIC en Navarra, para dar a conocer qu&eacute; es STEM (del ingl&eacute;s, ciencia, tecnolog&iacute;a, ingenier&iacute;a y matem&aacute;ticas) y, a su vez,&nbsp; fomentar las vocaciones de la poblaci&oacute;n escolar en esas &aacute;reas, con especial foco en el p&uacute;blico femenino.<br /> <br /> Adem&aacute;s del trabajo que el equipo realizar&aacute; en los pr&oacute;ximos meses, se organizar&aacute;n diferentes eventos divulgativos y de emprendimiento relacionadas con iGEM-Biogalaxy. Entre ellos, destaca la creaci&oacute;n de un &ldquo;espacio STEM&rdquo; en el pr&oacute;ximo congreso de la Sociedad Espa&ntilde;ola de Fisiolog&iacute;a Vegetal, organizado por el CSIC en Navarra y con el apoyo del gobierno navarro, que se celebrar&aacute; en junio de 2019 en Pamplona.</span></span></p></div> 2018-04-13T11:17:28Z Las concentraciones de yodo en la atmósfera se han triplicado durante las últimas décadas en el Atlántico Norte YODO_ATLÁNTICO_12349346.gcl 2018-04-13T09:00:54Z 2018-04-13T09:00:54Z <div class="description">13/04/2018</div><div class="body"><table width="200" border="1" align="right" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/1443f362-6f40-4ba7-98e0-cf2b3e46f754/13abril2018%2520yodo%2520atlantico.pdf">Nota de prensa (pdf)</a></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/2ae32a00-b5de-4e37-85ff-b47387cc5976/foto%2520nota.jpg">Imagen: (jpeg)</a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Un estudio liderado por investigadores del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) a partir de un sondeo de hielo en Groenlandia muestra que la emisi&oacute;n de yodo a la atm&oacute;sfera se ha triplicado en las &uacute;ltimas seis d&eacute;cadas. Estos altos niveles de yodo suponen importantes implicaciones atmosf&eacute;ricas, ya que este hal&oacute;geno promueve la formaci&oacute;n de aerosoles, destruye el ozono troposf&eacute;rico, y altera con ello el forzamiento radiactivo en la atm&oacute;sfera. El estudio se publica en la revista <i>Nature Communications</i>.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Los an&aacute;lisis geoqu&iacute;micos llevados a cabo en el hielo, as&iacute; como los resultados de un modelo de &uacute;ltima generaci&oacute;n de qu&iacute;mica de la atm&oacute;sfera muestran que el yodo permaneci&oacute; relativamente estable en la atm&oacute;sfera desde el siglo XVIII hasta la mitad del siglo XX&rdquo;, indica el director del estudio, Alfonso Saiz-L&oacute;pez, investigador del CSIC en el Instituto de Qu&iacute;mica F&iacute;sica Rocasolano.</span></span></p> <table width="500" border="0" align="left" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/c0891c0c-07dc-4c0d-b64c-27aa640df42d/Foto%2520interior%2520500.jpg" width="500" height="353" alt="" /><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Sondeo de hielo en Groenlandia analizado en el estudio. / Foto: Niccolo Maffezoli</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El an&aacute;lisis se ha realizado a partir de un sondeo de hielo (sondeo REnland ice Cap Project) perforado en la pen&iacute;nsula de Renland, una zona costera de Groenlandia oriental. Esta muestra ha permitido reconstruir el contenido en yodo en la atm&oacute;sfera desde el a&ntilde;o 1760, al inicio de la Revoluci&oacute;n Industrial, hasta 2011, por lo que es el mayor registro de yodo atmosf&eacute;rico en el hemisferio norte.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El aumento de yodo en la atm&oacute;sfera registrado se debe a una combinaci&oacute;n de factores: &ldquo;el incremento de ozono troposf&eacute;rico desde la Gran Aceleraci&oacute;n en la d&eacute;cada de los a&ntilde;os 50 (que induce la emisi&oacute;n de yodo desde los oc&eacute;anos) sumado a la mayor actividad biol&oacute;gica en el Oc&eacute;ano &Aacute;rtico durante el deshielo marino debido al calentamiento global, explican el r&aacute;pido incremento del yodo atmosf&eacute;rico en las &uacute;ltimas d&eacute;cadas&rdquo;, explica Saiz-L&oacute;pez. &ldquo;El yodo ha llegado a triplicar su concentraci&oacute;n en el hielo y en la atm&oacute;sfera desde 1950&rdquo;, argumenta Saiz-L&oacute;pez. </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;El aumento de yodo en la atm&oacute;sfera ha acelerado la p&eacute;rdida de ozono y ha incrementado considerablemente el transporte de yodo y su deposici&oacute;n en los continentes del hemisferio norte. La futura presi&oacute;n clim&aacute;tica y antropog&eacute;nica podr&iacute;a seguir ampliando las emisiones de yodo oce&aacute;nico con impactos potenciales sobre la salud y el medio ambiente a escala global&rdquo;, concluye el investigador. </span></span></p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Cuevas, C.A., Maffezzoli, N., Corella, J.P., Spolar, A., Vallelonga, P., Kj&aelig;, H., Simonsen, M., Winstrup, M., Vinther, B., Horvat, C., Fernandez, R.P., Kinnison, D., LamarqueJ-F., Barbante. C., Saiz-Lopez, A. <b>Rapid increase in atmospheric iodine levels in the North Atlantic since the mid-20th century</b>. <i>Nature Communications</i>.&nbsp;DOI: 10.1038/s41467-018-03756-1&nbsp;</span></span><span style="font-size: small;" /></li> </ul></div> 2018-04-13T09:00:54Z Reunión de la presidenta del CSIC con responsables de CONICET AGENDA_DEL_9_AL_13_ABRIL_12349289.gcl 2018-04-12T08:13:30Z 2018-04-12T08:13:30Z <div class="description">12/04/2017</div><div class="body"><p><!--[if !mso]> <style> v\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} o\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} w\:* {behavior:url(#default#VML);} .shape {behavior:url(#default#VML);} </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves>false</w:TrackMoves> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:DoNotShowRevisions /> <w:DoNotPrintRevisions /> <w:DoNotShowMarkup /> <w:DoNotShowComments /> <w:DoNotShowInsertionsAndDeletions /> <w:DoNotShowPropertyChanges /> 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font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapedefaults v:ext="edit" spidmax="1027" /> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:shapelayout v:ext="edit"> <o:idmap v:ext="edit" data="1" /> </o:shapelayout></xml><![endif]--></p> <table align="right" width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><br /> DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/e07ad24e-f563-4acd-aaee-711b376e9876/Agenda_Semana%2520del%25209%2520al%252013%2520de%2520abril.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong></a> (<em>274 kb</em>)<br /> &nbsp;</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="ladillo"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">Mi&eacute;rcoles 10 de abril </span>&nbsp;</span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> </span></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-style: normal;">T&iacute;tulo:</span></b><span style="font-style: normal;"> Reuni&oacute;n de la presidenta del CSIC con responsables de CONITEC</span></strong></span></span></p> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal">Resumen:</b> La presidenta del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC), Rosa Men&eacute;ndez, acompa&ntilde;ada por el vicepresidente de Investigaci&oacute;n Cient&iacute;fica y T&eacute;cnica del CSIC, Jes&uacute;s Marco, y la vicepresidenta de Relaciones Internacionales del CSIC, Elena Dom&iacute;nguez, ha mantenido este mi&eacute;rcoles una reuni&oacute;n con Miguel A. Laborde, vicepresidente de Asuntos Tecnol&oacute;gicos del Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas y T&eacute;cnicas (CONITEC), y Cynthia&nbsp;Jeppesen, Gerente de Evaluaci&oacute;n y Planificaci&oacute;n de este organismo argentino.</span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><br /> </span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;">CONITEC es el consejo hom&oacute;logo del CSIC en Argentina. La reuni&oacute;n mantenida ha tratado sobre colaboraci&oacute;n en la estrategia de investigaci&oacute;n, en particular, se ha centrado en la vinculaci&oacute;n y transferencia del conocimiento, as&iacute; como en explorar nuevas posibilidades de colaboraci&oacute;n cient&iacute;fica y tecnol&oacute;gica entre los dos organismos.</span></span><span style="font-size: small;" /></p> <p class="Piedefoto"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;"><b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span style="font-style: normal;">Lugar:</span></b><span style="font-style: normal;"> Sede central del CSIC.</span></span></span></p> <table align="center" width="800" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/f1f0a6f3-252a-4ba6-a031-9d1bc8739d53/foto.jpg" alt="" align="middle" width="800" height="526" /></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="Piedefoto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style: normal;" /></span></span></p></div> 2018-04-12T08:13:30Z Las áreas protegidas ayudan a frenar la expansión constructora en España AREAS_PROTEGIDAS_12349290.gcl 2018-04-12T08:04:50Z 2018-04-12T08:04:50Z <div class="description">12/04/2018</div><div class="body"><table align="right" width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>DESCARGA&nbsp;DE&nbsp;MATERIAL</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/f1304cea-94c6-4e49-b9a1-7fb61b9a8a95/12abril2018areas_protegidas.pdf" target="_blank">Nota de prensa</a></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/c8f68a3f-bd80-42ef-ba4a-fc3a6958b1b9/Redes_web.jpg" target="_blank">Imagen</a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><!--[if 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mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El reconocimiento legal de las &aacute;reas protegidas s&iacute; ha contribuido a la protecci&oacute;n de los suelos naturales frente a la presi&oacute;n constructora en Espa&ntilde;a. Esta es una de las conclusiones alcanzadas por un estudio realizado en el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) que ha analizado la eficacia de las medidas de protecci&oacute;n del suelo entre 1987 y 2006 en 4 tipos de espacios protegidos con reconocimiento legal (Reservas Naturales, Parques Naturales, Lugares de Importancia Comunitaria y Zonas de Especial Protecci&oacute;n para las Aves) reconocidos legalmente a lo largo de esas dos d&eacute;cadas. </span></span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/c8f68a3f-bd80-42ef-ba4a-fc3a6958b1b9/Redes_web.jpg" alt="" width="500" height="353" /></p> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> 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style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Red de &Aacute;reas Protegidas incluidas en el estudio./ (David Rodr&iacute;guez-CSIC)</span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;La transformaci&oacute;n del suelo de h&aacute;bitats naturales y seminaturales en entornos artificiales por la acci&oacute;n humana es una de las principales amenazas para la conservaci&oacute;n de la biodiversidad a escala global, y la principal amenaza a la biodiversidad en Europa y en Espa&ntilde;a. Dichos cambios revisten especial trascendencia por su gravedad, que conlleva la destrucci&oacute;n completa de los h&aacute;bitats preexistentes, y porque suelen ser cambios irreversibles&rdquo;, explica el investigador del CSIC David Rodr&iacute;guez, del Instituto de Econom&iacute;a, Geograf&iacute;a y Demograf&iacute;a. </span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Este estudio revela que las &aacute;reas protegidas, incluida la Red Natura 2000, han sido una pol&iacute;tica p&uacute;blica eficaz para salvaguardar los h&aacute;bitats naturales en plena etapa de expansi&oacute;n constructora. Adem&aacute;s, pueden servir para proteger terrenos ambientalmente valiosos en zonas de alta presi&oacute;n urban&iacute;stica, como la costa o la periferia de las grandes ciudades. </span></span></p> <p class="ladillo"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Expansi&oacute;n del ladrillo</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;" /></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El trabajo, publicado en la revista <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Journal of Environmental Management</i>, compara las tasas de construcci&oacute;n en esos cuatro tipos de &aacute;reas y en dos zonas de control pr&oacute;ximas y circundantes a uno y cinco kil&oacute;metros de distancia desde cada una de las &aacute;reas protegidas evaluadas. El an&aacute;lisis discurre entre 1987 y 2006, lo que permite ver el antes y el despu&eacute;s de la declaraci&oacute;n de esas zonas c&oacute;mo &aacute;reas protegidas.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Hasta el &ldquo;estallido de la burbuja inmobiliaria&rdquo; en 2008, durante 20 a&ntilde;os se produjo en Espa&ntilde;a un crecimiento acelerado de las superficies artificiales debido a la construcci&oacute;n masiva de viviendas, industrias e infraestructuras. Este crecimiento tuvo lugar principalmente alrededor de las grandes ciudades y a lo largo del litoral, en detrimento de h&aacute;bitats agrarios y forestales. Todo ello, indica el estudio, aument&oacute; la destrucci&oacute;n y fragmentaci&oacute;n de los entornos naturales e increment&oacute; el aislamiento de las poblaciones biol&oacute;gicas. </span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Los resultados muestran que las &aacute;reas protegidas evaluadas han sido en general eficaces para reducir la artificializaci&oacute;n del suelo. No obstante, la eficacia no es igual en cada uno de los cuatro tipos. La figura de mayor &eacute;xito ha sido la Reserva Natural, frente a la Zona de Especial Protecci&oacute;n para las Aves, que ha sido la menos eficaz&rdquo;, a&ntilde;ade el investigador.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">David Rodr&iacute;guez-Rodr&iacute;guez &amp; Javier Mart&iacute;nez-Vega. <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span lang="EN-US">Protected area effectiveness against land development in Spain</span></b><span lang="EN-US">. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Journal of Environmental Management</i>. DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2018.03.011</span></span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p></div> 2018-04-12T08:04:50Z Un método más preciso para estimar la población de lobos a escala regional LOBOS_GALICIA_12325854.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:32Z 2018-01-31T23:10:32Z <div class="description">01/02/2018</div><div class="body"><table width="200" border="1" align="right" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/ca86366e-75b9-493e-a4c9-b2644cbe1c0d/01febrero2018_Lobos.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong> (pdf.)</a></span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/9b1169af-13cd-43b8-9bdf-177feafb06a3/wolf-2705885.jpg" target="_blank"><strong>Imagen</strong> (jpg.)</a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Un estudio en el que ha participado el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) ha desarrollado un m&eacute;todo para medir la poblaci&oacute;n de lobos a escala regional basada en procedimientos de captura-recaptura espacialmente expl&iacute;citos y t&eacute;cnicas de an&aacute;lisis de ADN no invasivas.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El trabajo, que se ha publicado en <i>Scientific Reports</i>, subraya la necesidad de desarrollar pol&iacute;ticas de conservaci&oacute;n de la vida salvaje. Para ello se requiere de m&eacute;todos fiables de medici&oacute;n de la poblaci&oacute;n para una mayor aceptaci&oacute;n y soporte en las decisiones. En este sentido, el lobo es una de las especies m&aacute;s problem&aacute;ticas en las mediciones.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">La investigaci&oacute;n est&aacute; basada en m&eacute;todos espacialmente expl&iacute;citos, es decir, que se tiene en cuenta la distribuci&oacute;n espacial de las detecciones. Con ello, se busca solucionar los dos problemas m&aacute;s comunes en las t&eacute;cnicas tradicionales de captura-recaptura: la incertidumbre en la definici&oacute;n del &aacute;rea efectiva de muestreo y la heterogeneidad en la detecci&oacute;n. </span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <table width="200" border="0" align="left" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/9b1169af-13cd-43b8-9bdf-177feafb06a3/wolf-2705885.jpg" width="500" height="282" alt="" /><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El estudio demuestra que hasta un 25% de los lobos no vive en manada. / (CSIC)</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;La estrategia utilizada en nuestro estudio creemos que puede ser utilizada de manera efectiva para el seguimiento de poblaciones de grandes carn&iacute;voros como el lobo, caracterizados por requerimientos espaciales grandes y bajas densidades&rdquo;, explica Jos&eacute; Jim&eacute;nez, investigador del CSIC en el Instituto de Investigaci&oacute;n en Recursos Cineg&eacute;ticos.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los sistemas de captura-recaptura se combinan con las observaciones y seguimiento gen&eacute;tico no invasivo a partir del an&aacute;lisis de heces. As&iacute;, estas modernas t&eacute;cnicas de an&aacute;lisis permiten calcular el tama&ntilde;o de las poblaciones y su localizaci&oacute;n espacial.</span></span><o:p></o:p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;La aproximaci&oacute;n utilizada en nuestro trabajo puede ser relevante para el caso del seguimiento de poblaciones amenazadas o poblaciones sometida a gesti&oacute;n, donde es necesaria una alta precisi&oacute;n&rdquo;, afirma Jim&eacute;nez.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="ladillo"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Seguimiento individual</strong></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">De manera tradicional, en los estudios a escala regional, se ha utilizado el n&uacute;mero de manadas para estimar el estado de las poblaciones de la especie.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Sin embargo, los investigadores destacan que, aunque actualmente se puede medir con mayor fiabilidad el n&uacute;mero de manadas de lobos, en ocasiones, es necesario tambi&eacute;n estimar la abundancia de la especie y no solo del n&uacute;mero de manadas. &nbsp;De hecho, tras el estudio del &aacute;rea seleccionada en Costa da Morte (Galicia), se constat&oacute; que entre el 16 y el 25% de la poblaci&oacute;n de lobos no estaba ligada a ning&uacute;n grupo.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">En total, en el &aacute;rea seleccionada de estudio, se estim&oacute; que la densidad media era de 2,55 lobos por 100 km<sup>2</sup> y el tama&ntilde;o de poblaci&oacute;n estimado se estableci&oacute; en 111,6 lobos, con un intervalo de credibilidad entre 81,8 y 153,6 miembros de la especie.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="Referencias"><span lang="PT">&nbsp;</span><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span lang="PT">L&oacute;pez-Bao JV, Godinho R,<sup> </sup>Pacheco C, Garc&iacute;a E, Lema FJ, Llaneza L, Palacios V,<sup> </sup>Jim&eacute;nez J. </span><b><span lang="EN-US">Toward reliable population estimates of wolves by combining spatial capture-recapture models and non-invasive DNA monitoring</span></b><span lang="EN-US">. <i>Scientific Reports</i>, DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-20675-9.</span></span></span><span lang="EN-US"><o:p></o:p></span></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:32Z Rosa Menéndez, elegida “Asturiana del mes” por La Nueva España ROSA_MENÉNDEZ_ASTURIANA_12323260.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:31Z 2018-01-31T23:10:31Z <div class="description">09/01/2018</div><div class="body"><table width="200" border="1" align="right" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</strong></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/d7b09448-7819-4dd0-a12b-fba9b1a8564e/Rosa%2520Men%25c3%25a9ndez%2520LNE.pdf">Nota de prensa (pdf)</a></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/6ca84d17-8483-4b19-a909-6b8b977fb94e/Rosa_Menendez1.JPG">Imagen (jpeg)</a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">La presidenta del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC), Rosa Men&eacute;ndez (Cudillero, Asturias, 1956), ha sido elegida <a href="http://www.lne.es/sociedad/2018/01/07/rosa-menendez-nueva-presidenta-csic/2218892.html">&ldquo;Asturiana del mes&rdquo; de diciembre por el peri&oacute;dico <i>La Nueva Espa&ntilde;a</i></a>. Seg&uacute;n el diario, Men&eacute;ndez recibe la distinci&oacute;n &ldquo;por ser la primera mujer al frente de la entidad estatal&rdquo;, adem&aacute;s de &ldquo;por su trayectoria profesional en distintas funciones del CSIC, al que lleva vinculada desde 1979&rdquo;. El peri&oacute;dico tambi&eacute;n reconoce la experiencia de Men&eacute;ndez en la gesti&oacute;n institucional.&nbsp;</span></span></p> <table width="500" border="0" align="left" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/3ef9f6f9-f501-41ae-b3d6-04ab3c2b9aa5/Foto%2520interior%2520500.jpg" width="500" height="333" alt="" /><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Rosa Men&eacute;ndez, presidenta del CSIC./ Foto: CSIC Comunicaci&oacute;n</span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><o:p></o:p></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:31Z Un nuevo método para aprovechar al máximo los ecosistemas RIO_PIEDRA_12325771.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:31Z 2018-01-31T23:10:31Z <div class="description">30/01/2018</div><div class="body"><table width="200" border="1" align="right" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</span></span></p> <p><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/e235d485-e5ae-418d-9b3b-70a10bedaf33/10enero2017_R%25c3%25adoPiedra.pdf" target="_blank"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Nota de prensa</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> (pdf.)</span></span></a></p> <p><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/6a8730fd-2c28-44e7-aecb-19e41ea87620/RestauracionRioPiedraLlumes.JPG" target="_blank"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Imagen</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> (jpg.</span></span></a><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">)</span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;" /></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">En la cuenca del r&iacute;o Piedra, entre las provincias de Guadalajara y Zaragoza, un grupo de investigadores liderados por un cient&iacute;fico del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) ha desarrollado un m&eacute;todo de selecci&oacute;n de localizaciones y acciones con el que mejorar la aportaci&oacute;n de los servicios de los ecosistemas, es decir, los beneficios que la sociedad puede extraer de los recursos naturales.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><o:p></o:p></p> <table width="200" border="0" align="left" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/6a8730fd-2c28-44e7-aecb-19e41ea87620/RestauracionRioPiedraLlumes.JPG" width="500" height="375" alt="" /></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los investigadores, que han publicado su trabajo en la revista <i>Journal of Applied Ecology</i>, evaluaron los servicios de los ecosistemas con datos de campo y de laboratorio en la escala espacial m&aacute;s peque&ntilde;a posible. Con este preciso m&eacute;todo se asigna importancia relativa a los servicios de cada &aacute;rea con la participaci&oacute;n de los habitantes y grupos de inter&eacute;s y expertos del territorio.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Es una metodolog&iacute;a que se puede aplicar a cualquier tipo de territorio. Es la base para el desarrollo sostenible de territorios rurales, porque propone y prioriza acciones (intensificar cultivos, restaurar bosques, crear humedales para mejorar la calidad del agua, realzar el valor de sitios recreativos&hellip;) para conservar y aprovechar mejor sus recursos naturales&rdquo;, explica el investigador del CSIC Francisco A. Com&iacute;n. </span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los investigadores colaboraron con los habitantes de la zona, que asignaron importancia a los servicios que pod&iacute;an extraerse del ecosistema. La participaci&oacute;n local es clave en el m&eacute;todo desarrollado, pues son los vecinos los que mejor conocen el territorio. Adem&aacute;s, se cont&oacute; con expertos para seleccionar qu&eacute; acciones de restauraci&oacute;n conven&iacute;a aplicar mediante la simulaci&oacute;n de los escenarios posibles.</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los ecosistemas proporcionan beneficios a las sociedades que los habitan y son claves para su funcionamiento. Sin embargo, cuando una zona concreta se dedica a una labor de explotaci&oacute;n, como puede ser la extracci&oacute;n de minerales en una poblaci&oacute;n minera, el ecosistema se resiente y disminuye el aporte de otros servicios como los ecol&oacute;gicos o los culturales. </span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="ladillo"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>El paradigma de la cuenca del r&iacute;o Piedra</strong></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;">El modelo del Piedra supone una herramienta para decidir sobre qu&eacute; sitios actuar y qu&eacute; tipo de acciones desarrollar para alcanzar una aportaci&oacute;n &oacute;ptima de servicios de cada zona de un territorio. En el caso de la cuenca del r&iacute;o Piedra, la actuaci&oacute;n que proporciona los servicios m&aacute;s adecuados pasa por restaurar terrenos p&uacute;blicos como los montes quemados en las laderas del embalse Tranquera, restablecer las riberas del Piedra o recuperar zonas de matorral de pastos; pero tambi&eacute;n en terreno privados evitando la erosi&oacute;n con sistemas de retenci&oacute;n de sedimento en campos de cultivo y recreando peque&ntilde;os bosques con pastos y humedales en algunos campos de cultivo muy poco productivos en la parte alta de la cuenca.</span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;">Al poner en pr&aacute;ctica estas actuaciones el suelo adquiere mayor capacidad de retenci&oacute;n de agua, por lo que se aprovecha mejor la que circula por la cuenca del r&iacute;o. Gracias a esto se mejora la producci&oacute;n agr&iacute;cola y ganadera, a la vez que se multiplican las opciones de actividades recreativas en torno al r&iacute;o Piedra. &ldquo;</span>Estas acciones constituyen la base para el desarrollo sostenible del territorio&rdquo;, afirma Com&iacute;n, que explica que con el m&eacute;todo propuesto se ofrece a la poblaci&oacute;n local alternativas para asegurar los recursos naturales.<o:p></o:p></p> <p class="Referencias"><span style="font-size: smaller;">Com&iacute;n, Francisco A., Beatriz Miranda, Ricardo Sorando, Mar&iacute;a Felipe- Luc&iacute;a, Juan J. Jim&eacute;nez, Enrique Navarro. <b>Prioritizing sites for ecological restoration based on ecosystem services. </b><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Journal of Applied Ecology</b>, DOI:10.1111/1365-2664.13061</span></span><span style="font-size: small;" /><o:p></o:p></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:31Z Desarrollan un nuevo sistema de ayuda al diagnóstico del cáncer de mama basado en inteligencia artificial MAMOGRAFIAS_12325688.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:30Z 2018-01-31T23:10:30Z <div class="description">25/01/2018</div><div class="body"><table border="1" align="right" width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><strong>MATERIAL DE DESCARGA</strong></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><em><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/1a4d0ac0-7495-4689-bc18-8eb131bc334e/25enero2018-mamografias.pdf" target="_blank">Nota de prensa</a> (.pdf)<br /> </em></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><em><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/991b877f-f89f-40e4-b906-99036ecbca4e/mamografia_ok.jpg" target="_blank">Imagen </a>(.pdf)</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark /> 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El novedoso m&eacute;todo ofrece una fiabilidad de detecci&oacute;n cercana al 90%, la m&aacute;s alta de este tipo de sistemas, y ser&aacute; de gran utilidad en la pr&aacute;ctica cl&iacute;nica. En el trabajo participan grupos cient&iacute;ficos de otros siete centros internacionales.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Seg&uacute;n se&ntilde;alan los investigadores, los m&eacute;todos actuales de asistencia que emplean los radi&oacute;logos se limitan a detectar las zonas potencialmente sospechosas en la imagen. Sin embargo, este dispositivo es capaz de reducir el n&uacute;mero de zonas sospechosas o falsas alarmas y dar informaci&oacute;n sobre la presencia de c&aacute;ncer. Lo consigue bas&aacute;ndose en t&eacute;cnicas de inteligencia artificial como las redes neuronales y el uso de algoritmos predictivos.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Las mamograf&iacute;as son pruebas diagn&oacute;sticas que llevan a&ntilde;os demostrando su eficacia en la detecci&oacute;n precoz del c&aacute;ncer de mama, uno de los tumores de mayor incidencia en los pa&iacute;ses desarrollados. El nuevo sistema puede reducir los falsos positivos en todos los rangos de edad y, al minimizar las falsas alarmas, evitar que haya que realizar pruebas m&aacute;s lesivas para las mujeres. Se trata, adem&aacute;s, de una reducci&oacute;n de los costes cl&iacute;nicos que permitir&iacute;an incorporar nuevos grupos de riesgo a las campa&ntilde;as de detecci&oacute;n.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Adem&aacute;s, si por otros indicios cl&iacute;nicos el profesional sospecha que se encuentra ante un diagn&oacute;stico positivo no evidente, puede amplificar regiones que presentan mayores sospechas de malignidad, y que a&uacute;n no son detectables por el ojo humano experto, para facilitar futuras localizaciones de biopsia&rdquo;, apunta Francisco Albiol, investigador del CSIC en el Instituto de F&iacute;sica Corpuscular.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Por cada a&ntilde;o de diagn&oacute;stico precoz del c&aacute;ncer de mama, se aumenta un 20% la esperanza de vida a cinco a&ntilde;os de las pacientes. De ah&iacute; que el algoritmo que hemos desarrollado pueda ser una herramienta de gran utilidad en el diagn&oacute;stico precoz de este tipo de c&aacute;ncer, ofreciendo a los profesionales cl&iacute;nicos un sistema experto adicional&rdquo;, se&ntilde;ala Francisco Albiol.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Actualmente, los participantes del proyecto estudian c&oacute;mo trasladar este m&eacute;todo a la pr&aacute;ctica cl&iacute;nica. &ldquo;Una de las posibilidades m&aacute;s sencillas ser&iacute;a su aplicaci&oacute;n para reducir la fatiga del radi&oacute;logo mediante el cribado de casos f&aacute;ciles&rdquo;, a&ntilde;ade Alberto Albiol, investigador de la Universitat Polit&egrave;cnica de Val&egrave;ncia.</span></span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Digital Mammography DREAM Challenges </span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;" /></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="letter-spacing: -0.2pt;">Los DREAM Challenges plantean retos a la comunidad cient&iacute;fica ligados a la biolog&iacute;a y la medicina. Los investigadores presentan sus proyectos y los seleccionados participan en el proyecto, que tiene como objetivo mejorar la vida de la sociedad en diferentes aspectos. </span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El sistema de ayuda al diagn&oacute;stico del c&aacute;ncer de mama desarrollado es resultado del Digital Mammography DREAM Challenges, un proyecto mundial impulsado por las principales instituciones americanas de lucha contra el c&aacute;ncer junto a multinacionales como IBM y Amazon. El objetivo es mejorar la detecci&oacute;n del c&aacute;ncer de mama mediante la interpretaci&oacute;n de la mamograf&iacute;a con t&eacute;cnicas de inteligencia artificial. El proyecto ha contado con la participaci&oacute;n de 120 equipos multidisciplinares, el del Instituto de F&iacute;sica Corpuscular y la Universidad Polit&eacute;cnica de Valencia ha sido el &uacute;nico representante espa&ntilde;ol.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">En este estudio cient&iacute;fico se han analizado datos de pacientes facilitados por instituciones m&eacute;dicas de Estados Unidos. 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href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/7e1463ca-16d1-402b-82e7-0243ec668e50/24enero18tortugas_playas.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong></a> (<em>722 kb</em>)</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="https://saco.sgai-pro.csic.es/index.php/s/oyYxXqQ3PAKbYY8" target="_blank"><strong>Fotograf&iacute;as</strong></a></p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="https://saco.sgai-pro.csic.es/index.php/s/xkpZiItx2zeixlb" target="_blank"><strong>V&iacute;deo</strong></a></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <o:OfficeDocumentSettings> <o:TargetScreenSize>800x600</o:TargetScreenSize> </o:OfficeDocumentSettings> </xml><![endif]--><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">La colonizaci&oacute;n de nuevos h&aacute;bitats es clave para la supervivencia de especies amenazadas por los cambios en las condiciones clim&aacute;ticas y medioambientales. En el caso de las tortugas marinas, que vuelven a su lugar de nacimiento para reproducirse y nidificar, aunque este se encuentre a miles de kil&oacute;metros, cobra a&uacute;n m&aacute;s importancia hallar regiones adecuadas para la anidaci&oacute;n.</span></span></p> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:DoNotShowRevisions /> <w:DoNotPrintRevisions /> <w:DoNotShowMarkup /> <w:DoNotShowComments /> <w:DoNotShowInsertionsAndDeletions /> <w:DoNotShowPropertyChanges /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> 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com&uacute;n en aguas espa&ntilde;olas. Seg&uacute;n las conclusiones del estudio, que aparece publicado en la revista <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Scientific Reports</i>, las playas del Mediterr&aacute;neo occidental re&uacute;nen las condiciones de temperatura adecuadas para asegurar el &eacute;xito de los nidos ahora y en el futuro.</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">En las tortugas marinas, el sexo de las cr&iacute;as viene determinado por la temperatura de incubaci&oacute;n de los huevos en la arena de las playas. El aumento de la temperatura por el calentamiento global podr&iacute;a explicar la creciente feminizaci&oacute;n de las cr&iacute;as, relacionada con una menor tasa de supervivencia de la especie. La <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Caretta caretta</i> es la &uacute;nica tortuga marina que anida con &eacute;xito en Espa&ntilde;a y suele hacerlo en playas arenosas, enterrando los huevos a unos 50 cent&iacute;metros de profundidad. </span></span></p> <p class="ladillo"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span class="st">Regiones m&aacute;s fr&iacute;as que sus lugares de origen</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></strong></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Seg&uacute;n esta investigaci&oacute;n, liderada por la Universidad de Barcelona, las tortugas marinas han sido capaces de iniciar la anidaci&oacute;n en zonas m&aacute;s fr&iacute;as que sus regiones de origen. &ldquo;Al descubrir zonas con anidaci&oacute;n espor&aacute;dica exitosa, podemos protegerlas y favorecer con ello una alta productividad de esos nidos aislados. Podemos contribuir al &eacute;xito de esa colonizaci&oacute;n y, por tanto, ayudar a especies amenazadas a resolver un grave problema derivado del calentamiento del clima&rdquo;, explica el investigador del CSIC Adolfo Marco, que trabaja en la Estaci&oacute;n Biol&oacute;gica de Do&ntilde;ana.</span></span></p> <table width="450" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="right"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: right;"><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/535557d7-7ba2-427f-86b8-f2040e345c78/foto_nota450.jpg" alt="" width="450" height="299" align="right" /><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Tortuga boba en una playa de Pulp&iacute;, en Almer&iacute;a (ANDR&Eacute;S D&Iacute;AZ / CSIC Comunicaci&oacute;n)</span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los experimentos consistieron en analizar <span class="st">un fragmento del ADN mitocondrial (relacionado con la madre) de 121 muestras de 18 nidos localizados en playas de la costa mediterr&aacute;nea occidental. El an&aacute;lisis revela que los nidos son eventos de colonizaci&oacute;n espor&aacute;dicos asociados a juveniles nacidos en regiones muy distantes, pero que obtienen el alimento en zonas del litoral de la Pen&iacute;nsula Ib&eacute;rica. </span>Adem&aacute;s, han estudiado la calidad de las playas elegidas por las tortugas y han comprobado que algunas de ellas son adecuadas y viables no s&oacute;lo en la actualidad, sino tambi&eacute;n a largo plazo. </span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Nuestro hallazgo supone una esperanza para estas tortugas, que a lo largo de su vida se enfrentan a muchos peligros, no s&oacute;lo a sus depredadores habituales, sino a las pescas accidentales o mueren por inanici&oacute;n al quedarse atrapadas en redes abandonadas&rdquo;, concluye el investigador del CSIC.</span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></span>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> Carlos Carreras, Marta Pascual, Jes&uacute;s Tom&aacute;s, Adolfo Marco, Sandra Hochsheid, Juan Jos&eacute; Castillo, Patricia Gozalbes, Mariluz Parga, Susanna Piovano, Luis Cardona. <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span lang="EN-US">Sporadic nesting reveals long distance colonisation in the philopatric loggerhead sea turtle (<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Caretta caretta</i>).</span></b><span lang="EN-US"> <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Scientific Reports</i>. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-19887-w</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: small;" /></span></li> </ul></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:29Z Agenda: Semana del 15 al 19 de enero de 2018 AGENDA_18-01-18_12325465.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:29Z 2018-01-31T23:10:29Z <div class="description">18/01/2018</div><div class="body"><table border="1" align="right" width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/706bf585-0cee-4c0d-8376-66c9427fd275/Actos_presidencia_Semana%2520del%252015%2520al%252019%2520de%2520enero%2520de%25202018.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Agenda</strong> (pdf.)</a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="ladillo" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Martes 16 de enero: </span></span><o:p></o:p></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Inauguraci&oacute;n de la exposici&oacute;n </b><b>Las colinas de los dientes de sable</b></span></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Resumen:</b> En esta exposici&oacute;n se realiza un recorrido por los m&aacute;s de 25 a&ntilde;os de trabajo de campo en los yacimientos encontrados en el Cerro de los Batallones (Torrej&oacute;n de Velasco, Madrid) y las investigaciones multidisciplinares que han sido llevadas a cabo en base a los descubrimientos realizados en estos yacimientos y que han permitido conocer las faunas y el ambiente del centro peninsular en el Mioceno superior.</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Lugar y hora:</b> Museo Arqueol&oacute;gico Regional en Alcal&aacute; de Henares. Plaza de las Bernardas s/n. Alcal&aacute; de Henares. 19:30 horas.</span></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Durante el acto, la presidenta del CSIC, Rosa Men&eacute;ndez, destac&oacute;: &ldquo;La exposici&oacute;n narra la historia de la Comunidad de Madrid, del Madrid de hace 9 millones de a&ntilde;os, un territorio por el que paseaban Mastodontes y Tigres dientes de Sable. Para muchos, narra tambi&eacute;n la historia de un grupo de investigadores e instituciones comprometidos con la comunicaci&oacute;n de la ciencia&rdquo;.</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><span style="font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f"></v:shapetype></span></span></p> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"> </span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><v:shapetype id="_x0000_t75" coordsize="21600,21600" o:spt="75" o:preferrelative="t" path="m@4@5l@4@11@9@11@9@5xe" filled="f" stroked="f"><v:stroke joinstyle="miter"><v:formulas><v:f eqn="if lineDrawn pixelLineWidth 0"><v:f eqn="sum @0 1 0"><v:f eqn="sum 0 0 @1"><v:f eqn="prod @2 1 2"><v:f 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style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Reuni&oacute;n con los sindicatos del CSIC</b></span></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Resumen:</b> La presidenta del CSIC, Rosa Men&eacute;ndez, y el secretario general, Alberto Sereno, asisten a la primera reuni&oacute;n con la representaci&oacute;n sindical en el CSIC de CC.OO., UGT, Confederaci&oacute;n Intersindical Galega y CSI-CSIF. </span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><b>Lugar y hora:</b> Sede central del CSIC. 10:00 horas.</span></span><span style="font-size: 12pt;"><o:p></o:p></span></p> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Durante la reuni&oacute;n, los integrantes del CSIC han tratado temas como el contrato de gesti&oacute;n, la carrera profesional en el CSIC y la visi&oacute;n del nuevo equipo directivo sobre el organismo y los nuevos proyectos a poner en marcha.</span></span></p> <table border="0" align="left" width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/3e6fe564-2e5e-428d-8739-f229cf6fd75a/Montaje_web.jpg" width="800" height="300" alt="" /></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p class="Piedefoto" style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:29Z Un estudio abre la vía a reincorporar genes beneficiosos perdidos durante la mejora vegetal ARABIDOPSIS_12324780.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:28Z 2018-01-31T23:10:28Z <div class="description">16/01/2018</div><div class="body"><table width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="right"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p style="text-align: center;"><br /> DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/9b8c53b1-6184-40f8-ae36-a113d2f21b31/15enero18arabidopsis.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong></a> (<em>400 kb</em>)</p> <p style="text-align: center;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/818193c8-dcd7-4c4d-8cb9-2dc0ee74becc/Slide2.tiff" target="_blank"><strong>Imagen </strong></a>(<em>1,5 kb</em>)</p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:DoNotShowRevisions /> <w:DoNotPrintRevisions /> <w:DoNotShowMarkup /> <w:DoNotShowComments /> <w:DoNotShowInsertionsAndDeletions /> <w:DoNotShowPropertyChanges /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> 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style="font-family: Arial;">Un equipo con participaci&oacute;n de investigadores del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) profundiza en las bases moleculares que podr&iacute;an llegar a salvar la barrera biol&oacute;gica que se genera al cruzar variedades vegetales durante la mejora de los cultivos. 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<w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading" /> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> </p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Durante el proceso de mejora de la mayor&iacute;a de los cultivos modernos, se produce una p&eacute;rdida de determinados genes, como los que participan en la resistencia a los pat&oacute;genos o al estr&eacute;s abi&oacute;tico. Adem&aacute;s, la mayor&iacute;a de las variedades que son seleccionadas son poliploides, es decir, tienen m&aacute;s de dos series de cromosomas.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Los mejoradores pueden introducir dichos genes en las variedades actuales cruzando con las variedades ancestrales, pero al no ser &eacute;stas poliploides, se encuentran con una barrera de hibridaci&oacute;n complicada de superar, pues las semillas resultantes de cruces de variedades con diferente ploid&iacute;a &ndash;n&uacute;mero de juegos completos de cromosomas- resultan en aborto&rdquo;, explica Jordi Moreno, que trabaja en el Centro de Investigaci&oacute;n en Agrigen&oacute;mica (un consorcio <span class="st">p&uacute;blico formado por el CSIC, el IRTA, la Universidad Aut&oacute;noma de Barcelona y la Universidad de Barcelona)</span>.</span></span></p> <p class="ladillo"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Semillas viables</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;" /></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">En el trabajo, liderado por la Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, en Uppsala (Suecia), los investigadores muestran que plantas mutantes que no son capaces de sintetizar un tipo de ARN denominado de silenciamiento (siRNA por sus siglas en ingl&eacute;s) pueden superar la barrera de la hibridaci&oacute;n. Por tanto, los cruces entre plantas de diferente ploid&iacute;a dan como resultado semillas viables.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Los datos sugieren que un exceso de siRNA en el polen derivado de plantas poliploides provoca un fallo en el desarrollo de la semilla y, finalmente, su muerte. Este mecanismo es un claro ejemplo de que los siRNA de polen tienen un efecto posterior a la fertilizaci&oacute;n. Con ello se demuestra la importancia de los mecanismos de regulaci&oacute;n epigen&eacute;tica entre generaciones, cruciales para la estabilidad del genoma y la viabilidad de la semilla&rdquo;, concluye Moreno.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Durante los experimentos, los cient&iacute;ficos observaron que plantas de <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Arabidopsis</i> mutantes que eran deficientes en la biog&eacute;nesis de ciertos siRNA, compensaban el desequilibrio de ploid&iacute;a que ocurre al cruzar plantas diploides con polen de plantas tetraploides (donde el polen tiene un exceso de cromosomas paternos). Utilizando m&eacute;todos de secuenciaci&oacute;n masiva de siRNA, de ARN mensajero y metilaci&oacute;n de ADN, han podido analizar los mecanismos moleculares de este proceso. </span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">German Martinez, Philip Wolff, Zhenxing Wang, Jordi Moreno-Romero, Juan Santos-Gonz&aacute;lez, Lei Liu Conze, Christopher DeFraia, R. Keith Slotkin, Claudia K&ouml;hler. <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span lang="EN-US">Paternal easiRNAs regulate parental genome dosage in Arabidopsis</span></b><span lang="EN-US">. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Nature Genetics</i>. </span>DOI: 10.1038/s41588-017-0033-4</span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:28Z Las bacterias del suelo pueden variar la composición de los ecosistemas BACTERIAS_Y_PLANTAS_12310588.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:27Z 2018-01-31T23:10:27Z <div class="description">19/12/2017</div><div class="body"><table width="200" border="1" align="right" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/aaa56f91-1f13-41d1-a272-1a4f7b6d24c5/19diciembre2017_Bacterias_plantas.pdf" target="_blank"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong> (pdf.)</a></span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/523ad04c-ba17-453f-949a-ddfcd1c3a14c/Arto%2520y%2520cambr%25c3%25b3n%2520.jpg"><strong>Imagen</strong> (jpg.)</a></span></span></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Una investigaci&oacute;n en la que han participado cient&iacute;ficos del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) ha demostrado que las bacterias del suelo cambian cuando dos especies de plantas interact&uacute;an, lo que afecta al rendimiento de una de las especies, que puede incluso llegar a desaparecer de la zona. Los resultados obtenidos muestran la importancia de los microbios en la composici&oacute;n y funcionamiento de los ecosistemas.</span></span></p> <table width="200" border="1" align="left" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/523ad04c-ba17-453f-949a-ddfcd1c3a14c/Arto%2520y%2520cambr%25c3%25b3n%2520.jpg" width="500" height="279" alt="" /></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p style="text-align: justify;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li> <p class="Referencias"><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Hortal S. Lozano Y.M., Bastida F., Armas C., Moreno J.L., Garc&iacute;a C., Puignaire F.I. <b>Plant-plant competition outcomes are modulated by plant effects on the soil bacterial community. </b><i>Scientific Reports</i>. DOI:10.1038/S41598-017-18103-5</span></span><o:p></o:p></p> </li> </ul> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><o:p></o:p></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:27Z Descubierto un segundo anillo en la nebulosa del insecto NEBULOSA_INSECTO_12238895.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:26Z 2018-01-31T23:10:26Z <div class="description">22/09/2016</div><div class="body"><table width="200" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="1" align="right"> <tbody> <tr> <td style="text-align: center;"> <p><strong>DESCARGA DE MATERIAL</strong></p> <p><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/f22d9c4c-bf5e-4031-98d1-5ffc1959d3c9/22septiembre2016nebulosainsecto.pdf" target="_blank">Nota de prensa</a> (pdf 500K)</p> <p><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/0b602b08-2db6-4a52-81a6-6cb7f8407e6e/butterfly_nebula_NASA_ESA_Hubble.jpg" target="_blank">Imagen</a> <em>(jpg 1,1M)</em></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> 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2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="67" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 1 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="68" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 2 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="69" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Medium Grid 3 Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="70" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Dark List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="71" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Shading Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="72" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful List Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="73" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" Name="Colorful Grid Accent 6" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="19" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="21" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Emphasis" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="31" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Subtle Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="32" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Intense Reference" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="33" SemiHidden="false" UnhideWhenUsed="false" QFormat="true" Name="Book Title" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="37" Name="Bibliography" /> <w:LsdException Locked="false" Priority="39" QFormat="true" Name="TOC Heading" /> </w:LatentStyles> </xml><![endif]--><!--[if gte mso 10]> <style> /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Un equipo de investigadores liderado por el Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) ha descubierto un segundo anillo en la Nebulosa del Insecto (NGC 6302), situada a unos 3.400 a&ntilde;os luz de la Tierra. Los datos, recopilados por el Observatorio ALMA, en el desierto chileno de Atacama, indican que se trata de un anillo m&aacute;s joven que el primero, que se expande m&aacute;s r&aacute;pido y est&aacute; orientado en otra direcci&oacute;n. El estudio ha sido publicado en la revista <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Astronomy &amp; Astrophysics</i>. </span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><img height="537" width="450" src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/ed7edd79-9db0-47c8-9c00-8784cad2c2c7/butterfly_nebula_web.jpg" alt="" /></p> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> 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table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--></p> </td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark /> <w:EnableOpenTypeKerning /> <w:DontFlipMirrorIndents /> <w:OverrideTableStyleHps /> </w:Compatibility> <m:mathPr> <m:mathFont m:val="Cambria Math" /> <m:brkBin m:val="before" /> <m:brkBinSub m:val="&#45;-" /> <m:smallFrac m:val="off" /> <m:dispDef /> <m:lMargin m:val="0" /> <m:rMargin m:val="0" /> <m:defJc m:val="centerGroup" /> <m:wrapIndent m:val="1440" /> <m:intLim m:val="subSup" /> <m:naryLim m:val="undOvr" /> </m:mathPr></w:WordDocument> </xml><![endif]--><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Numerosas enfermedades autoinmunes se caracterizan por la presencia de linfocitos B autorreactivos con capacidad para reconocer ant&iacute;genos propios y ocasionar da&ntilde;os en los tejidos del individuo. Nuestro sistema inmunitario tiene diversos mecanismos para eliminar estas c&eacute;lulas autorreactivas que pueden ocasionar el desarrollo de enfermedades autoinmunes, como lupus eritematoso sist&eacute;mico, artritis reumatoide, diabetes y esclerosis m&uacute;ltiple. Un estudio con participaci&oacute;n del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) y publicado en la revista <i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Nature Immunology</i> desvela un regulador clave en este proceso. 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mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} </style> <![endif]--> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los micro-ARN son mol&eacute;culas de ARN de 19 a 23 nucle&oacute;tidos capaces de regular la expresi&oacute;n de ciertos genes diana. Para conseguirlo se unen a secuencias complementarias del ARN mensajero e inducen su degradaci&oacute;n, de modo que la prote&iacute;na no llega a producirse. Este estudio demuestra que miR-148a modula la expresi&oacute;n de tres prote&iacute;nas importantes para regular la tolerancia de los linfocitos B y prevenir la autoinmunidad: Bim, PTEN y GADD45a.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Estudios previos hab&iacute;an mostrado un aumento significativo de la expresi&oacute;n de miR-148a en linfocitos B de pacientes con lupus, pero no se hab&iacute;a demostrado una relaci&oacute;n causa-efecto entre el aumento en la expresi&oacute;n y el desarrollo de la patolog&iacute;a.&nbsp; Tampoco se conoc&iacute;a a trav&eacute;s de qu&eacute; mecanismo este miRNA pod&iacute;a influir en el desarrollo de la misma. En este trabajo se describe por primera vez c&oacute;mo un miRNA controla los procesos de eliminaci&oacute;n de linfocitos B autorreactivos&rdquo;, explica Jes&uacute;s &nbsp;Salvador, investigador del CSIC en el Centro Nacional de Biotecnolog&iacute;a. &nbsp;</span></span></p> <h3><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Prevenci&oacute;n de la autoinmunidad <span style="color: rgb(38, 38, 38);" /></span></span></h3> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;La funci&oacute;n de las prote&iacute;nas Bim y PTEN para prevenir la autoinmunidad ya era conocida en el campo, sin embargo este estudio es pionero ha identificado por primera vez la funci&oacute;n del gen supresor de autoinmunidad GADD45a en el control de la tolerancia central de linfocitos B. Los ratones deficientes en esta prote&iacute;na desarrollan espont&aacute;neamente una enfermedad similar al lupus eritematoso sist&eacute;mico&rdquo; destaca Jes&uacute;s Salvador.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Seg&uacute;n el estudio, al aumentar la expresi&oacute;n de miR-148a en un modelo murino de lupus<span style="color: red;"> </span>(proceso frecuente en pacientes con lupus eritomatoso o artritis reumatoide) el desarrollo de la enfermedad autoinmune se aceler&oacute; ocasionando la muerte prematura. &ldquo;Conocer los mecanismos que controlan la autotolerancia puede llevar a nuevas estrategias para el tratamiento de la autoinmunidad&rdquo;, concluye el investigador.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El estudio<span style="color: red;"> </span>se ha realizado en el Instituto de Investigaci&oacute;n The Scripps (Estados Unidos) en colaboraci&oacute;n con la Universidad de Yale (Estados Unidos) y el Centro Nacional de Biotecnolog&iacute;a del CSIC.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></span></p> </p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> </span><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Alicia Gonzalez-Martin, Brian D Adams, Maoyi Lai, Jovan Shepherd, Maria Salvador-Bernaldez, Jesus M Salvador, Jun Lu, David Nemazee &amp; Changchun Xiao. <b style="mso-bidi-font-weight:normal"><span lang="EN-US">The microRNA miR-148a functions as a critical regulator of B cell tolerance and autoimmunity</span></b><span lang="EN-US">. <i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal">Nature </i></span><i style="mso-bidi-font-style: normal">Immunology. </i>DOI:<i style="mso-bidi-font-style:normal"> </i>10.1038/ni.3385</span></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></li> </ul> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/b2a8b39f-e944-4436-86c1-ac093ca006ce/22febrero2016microARN.pdf"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></a> <em>(pdf 440K)</em></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a target="_blank" href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/2c21be95-b0be-4969-b1e2-26f2fac0bbd9/imagen_lupus.jpg">Imagen</a> </span></span></strong><em><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">(jpg K)</span></span></em><span style="font-size: small;" /></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:26Z La misión CHEOPS anuncia los dibujos de niños españoles que viajarán al espacio CHEOPS_GANADORES_12173097.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:26Z 2018-01-31T23:10:26Z <div class="description">22/02/2016</div><div class="body"><table cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" width="450" align="right"> <tbody> <tr> <td> <p><img height="272" width="450" alt="" src="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/a7ed2b9d-33db-43c1-92e1-8824f8867386/fotonota.jpg" /><br /> <!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves /> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> <w:LidThemeComplexScript>X-NONE</w:LidThemeComplexScript> <w:Compatibility> <w:BreakWrappedTables /> <w:SnapToGridInCell /> <w:WrapTextWithPunct /> <w:UseAsianBreakRules /> <w:DontGrowAutofit /> <w:SplitPgBreakAndParaMark /> 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{behavior:url(#default#VML);} </style> <![endif]--><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">La misi&oacute;n CHEOPS (CHaracterizing ExOplanet Satellite) de la Agencia Espacial Europea ha anunciado los dibujos que viajar&aacute;n al espacio a bordo su telescopio, que est&aacute; previsto que se lance al espacio a principios de 2018 y cuyo objetivo es identificar nuevos planetas fuera del Sistema Solar. De los casi 4.500 dibujos enviados por ni&ntilde;os y ni&ntilde;as espa&ntilde;oles tras la convocatoria del concurso, se han seleccionado 297 mediante un sorteo cuyo resultado puede consultarse en la p&aacute;gina oficial del proyecto: </span></span><a href="http://www.cheops.es"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">www.cheops.es</span></span></a><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> . </span></span></p> <p><!--[if gte mso 9]><xml> <w:WordDocument> <w:View>Normal</w:View> <w:Zoom>0</w:Zoom> <w:TrackMoves>false</w:TrackMoves> <w:TrackFormatting /> <w:HyphenationZone>21</w:HyphenationZone> <w:PunctuationKerning /> <w:ValidateAgainstSchemas /> <w:SaveIfXMLInvalid>false</w:SaveIfXMLInvalid> <w:IgnoreMixedContent>false</w:IgnoreMixedContent> <w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText>false</w:AlwaysShowPlaceholderText> <w:DoNotPromoteQF /> <w:LidThemeOther>ES</w:LidThemeOther> <w:LidThemeAsian>X-NONE</w:LidThemeAsian> 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Europea para acercar el desarrollo espacial a los m&aacute;s peque&ntilde;os y que en Espa&ntilde;a cuenta con la colaboraci&oacute;n del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC), el Institut d&rsquo;Estudis Espacials de Catalunya&nbsp; y el Instituto de Astrof&iacute;sica de Canarias .</span></span></p> <h3><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">3.000 dibujos viajar&aacute;n al espacio</span></span></h3> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">En total, unos 3.000 dibujos de ni&ntilde;os europeos de entre 8 y 14 a&ntilde;os ser&aacute;n miniaturizados y grabados en una placa que ir&aacute; montada en el telescopio espacial CHEOPS. &ldquo;Gracias a este concurso y al proyecto CHEOPS miles de ni&ntilde;os podr&aacute;n cumplir su sue&ntilde;o de, en cierto modo, viajar al espacio y surcarlo en busca de otros mundos&rdquo;, se&ntilde;ala Ignasi Ribas, investigador del CSIC y del Institut d&rsquo;Estudis Espacials de Catalunya en el Instituto de Ciencias del Espacio y coordinador de la iniciativa en Espa&ntilde;a.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El certamen, cuyo objetivo ha sido acercar la astronom&iacute;a y la ciencia a los m&aacute;s peque&ntilde;os, ha superado todas las expectativas de los organizadores en cuanto a participaci&oacute;n y calidad de las obras. Gracias a la gran cantidad de dibujos recibidos, el n&uacute;mero asignado a Espa&ntilde;a fue aumentado de 250 a 297. Los requisitos para participar consist&iacute;an en que los trabajos presentados deb&iacute;an estar inspirados en el espacio o en el telescopio CHEOPS y ser en blanco y negro, para poder transferirse correctamente a la placa. </span></span></p> <h3><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">La misi&oacute;n CHEOPS<span style="color: rgb(38, 38, 38);" /></span></span></h3> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El nombre de<i>&nbsp;</i>CHEOPS&nbsp;es un homenaje al Antiguo Egipto y una referencia a la pir&aacute;mide Keops. Hasta el momento se han descubierto unos 2.000 exoplanetas y con esta misi&oacute;n espacial, perteneciente al programa&nbsp;<i>Cosmic Vision</i>&nbsp;de la Agencia Espacial Europea, se pretende aumentar este n&uacute;mero y a la vez obtener medidas mucho m&aacute;s precisas de aquellos que ya se conocen. &nbsp;</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El telescopio&nbsp;CHEOPS&nbsp;se dedicar&aacute; a observar tr&aacute;nsitos de planetas, es decir, peque&ntilde;os eclipses en estrellas brillantes en las que ya se sabe que existe un sistema planetario. Se har&aacute; mediante fotometr&iacute;a de muy alta precisi&oacute;n, una t&eacute;cnica con la que se mide el brillo de una estrella cada minuto y se detecta una disminuci&oacute;n cuando, en su movimiento orbital, el planeta pasa por delante y oculta parte del disco de la estrella. Dichos datos permitir&aacute;n determinar con gran precisi&oacute;n el tama&ntilde;o del planeta y saber si se trata de un mundo de gas, como Neptuno, o de roca, como la Tierra.</span></span></p> <p class="cuerpodetexto"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Esta misi&oacute;n es la primera de la Agencia Espacial Europea en la categor&iacute;a de peque&ntilde;a misi&oacute;n. Existen tres rangos: las grandes, que cuestan miles de millones de euros; las medianas, aquellas que cuestan cientos de millones y, por &uacute;ltimo, las peque&ntilde;as, de menos de 100 millones.&nbsp;CHEOPS&nbsp;fue seleccionada entre 26 propuestas en octubre de 2012 y cuenta con un presupuesto de 50 millones de euros.</span></span></p> <p class="enlaces"><a target="_blank" href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/2e272ca5-eecd-4efb-871e-8d24740d956b/22febrero2016cheops.pdf"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Nota de prensa</span></span></strong></a><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> (.pdf)<br /> </span></span></p> <p class="enlaces"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">V&iacute;deo:</span></span><i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;" /></i></strong><b><i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"> <a href="https://webmail.csic.es/bigfiles/descarga.php?l=78720904t&amp;t=1456129940&amp;f=CheopsFLV.flv"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">resoluci&oacute;n web </span></span></a></span></i></b><i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><a href="https://webmail.csic.es/bigfiles/descarga.php?l=78720904t&amp;t=1456129940&amp;f=CheopsFLV.flv"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">(.flv)</span></span></a><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></span></i><b><i><span style="font-size:11.0pt;font-family:&quot;Calibri&quot;,&quot;sans-serif&quot;"><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> / </span></span><a href="https://webmail.csic.es/bigfiles/descarga.php?l=78720904t&amp;t=1456129940&amp;f=Cheops.mov"><span style="font-size: small;"><span 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participaci&oacute;n del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) ha obtenido guisantes que facilitan la digesti&oacute;n de prote&iacute;nas y que pueden ser utilizados de manera m&aacute;s eficaz en la elaboraci&oacute;n de piensos para animales. Los resultados del estudio se publican en la revista <i>PLoS ONE</i>.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los guisantes y otras leguminosas tales como el garbanzo, la lenteja o la soja, contienen inhibidores de proteasas que bloquean la digesti&oacute;n de las prote&iacute;nas, dificultando su absorci&oacute;n intestinal. Estudios nutricionales previos llevados a cabo con pollos broiler (alimentados a gran escala para la producci&oacute;n espec&iacute;fica de carne) han mostrado que elevadas concentraciones de estos inhibidores en la dieta pueden reducir la disponibilidad de prote&iacute;nas en un 10 %. </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Ahora los investigadores han obtenido guisantes que presentan un contenido reducido o nulo de estos inhibidores de proteasas, lo cual ha sido perseguido durante mucho tiempo tanto por mejoradores de plantas como por fabricantes de piensos&rdquo;, seg&uacute;n explica Alfonso Clemente, investigador del CSIC en la Estaci&oacute;n Experimental del Zaid&iacute;n.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;En este trabajo hemos investigado si mutaciones inducidas o naturales presentes en los inhibidores de proteasas pueden ser explotadas para mejorar la calidad de las semillas de guisante&rdquo;, se&ntilde;ala Clemente. &ldquo;As&iacute;, hemos identificado y estudiado l&iacute;neas de guisante que presentan mutaciones puntuales&rdquo;. </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;De las tres mutaciones inducidas estudiadas, una de ellas imposibilita la capacidad de las prote&iacute;nas estudiadas de inhibir a las proteasas digestivas, tripsina y quimotripsina, mientras que las otras dos mutaciones afectan, aunque en menor grado, su actividad inhibidora&rdquo;, sostiene Clemente. Los resultados obtenidos nos han permitido ahondar en la relaci&oacute;n existente entre estructura proteica y actividad inhibidora de proteasas que pudiera influir en la calidad de la semilla de guisante, a&ntilde;ade el investigador.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Asimismo, se ha descrito una l&iacute;nea silvestre de guisante que al tener mutados dos genes, que codifican inhibidores mayoritarios de la semilla de guisante, carece de actividad inhibidora. Esta l&iacute;nea mutante silvestre (<i>Pisum elatius</i>) ha sido cruzada satisfactoriamente con la especie cultivada (<i>Pisum sativum</i>).&nbsp; </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Estos guisantes no difieren sensorialmente de los convencionales, tienen mejorada su digestibilidad proteica y el hecho de que no hayan sido obtenidos mediante modificaci&oacute;n gen&eacute;tica les permitir&iacute;a estar en el mercado en un periodo de tiempo no superior a cinco a&ntilde;os&rdquo;, se&ntilde;ala el investigador.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Estos estudios podr&iacute;an ser extendidos a otras prote&iacute;nas vegetales, que pudieran presentar efectos nutricionales negativos, tales como los al&eacute;rgenos. La reducci&oacute;n o eliminaci&oacute;n de prote&iacute;nas anti-nutricionales podr&iacute;a mejorar la calidad de las semillas de leguminosas destinadas a nutrici&oacute;n animal y humana, detalla el investigador.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">El consorcio internacional est&aacute; constituido por investigadores del John Innes Centre (Reino Unido), INRA (Francia), CSIC y de la empresa IDna Genetics Ltd.</span></span></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Alfonso Clemente, Maria C. Arques, Marion Dalmais, Christine Le Signor, Catherine Chinoy, Raquel Olias, Tracey Rayner, Peter G. Isaac, David M. Lawson, Abdelhafid Bendahmane, Claire Domoney. <b>Eliminating Anti-nutritional Plant Food Proteins: The Case of Seed Protease Inhibitors in Pea</b>. <i>PLoS ONE.</i> Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0134634&nbsp;&nbsp;</span></span></li> </ul> <p><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/2b0766e7-fa6d-4631-a0d3-3775b583ae1a/24agosto2015%2520guisante%2520digestivo.pdf"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Nota de prensa</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> </span><em><span style="font-family: Arial;">(pdf 546K)</span></em></span></a></p> <p><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/d4d7b9a8-9bd6-4b4f-95a6-6d9d7ec4e94b/Seeds-pea%2520only.jpg"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Descarga de imagen: muestras de guisantes</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> </span><em><span style="font-family: Arial;">(jpeg 575K)</span></em></span></a></p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:25Z Describen por primera vez la comunidad de virus ARN en la Antártida VIRUS_ANTARTIDA_12124758.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:24Z 2018-01-31T23:10:24Z <div class="description">12/08/2015</div><div class="body"><p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los virus de ARN usan &aacute;cido ribonucleico (ARN) como material gen&eacute;tico. Existen como mezclas complejas de genotipos diferentes pero relacionados, conocidas como quasiespecies. Su estructura gen&eacute;tica ha sido estudiada en los virus que afectan a los animales y plantas pero las quasiespecies no se han descrito en virus ARN de muestras ambientales. Ahora, un estudio del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) ha conseguido describir por primera vez quasiespecies de virus de ARN en un ecosistema natural, concretamente en el lago Limnopolar de la Pen&iacute;nsula Byers (Isla Livingston, en la Ant&aacute;rtida). Se trata adem&aacute;s de la primera descripci&oacute;n de virus ARN en la Ant&aacute;rtida.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span> <table width="600" cellspacing="1" cellpadding="1" border="0" align="center"> <tbody> <tr> <td><img width="600" height="273" alt="" title="Investigadores en el lago Limnopolar, situado en la Isla Livingston, en la Ant&aacute;rtida. 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</tr> </tbody> </table> </p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los resultados, que son fruto de tres a&ntilde;os de investigaciones y se han publicado como art&iacute;culo destacado en la revista <i>Molecular Ecology</i>, indican que la diversidad de los virus de ARN es menor que la registrada en virus de ADN. En 2009, cient&iacute;ficos del mismo grupo de investigaci&oacute;n fueron los primeros en identificar la composici&oacute;n gen&eacute;tica de los virus ADN presentes en los lagos de la Ant&aacute;rtida. Estos estudios estimaron la presencia de cerca de 10.000 especies virales en el lago Limnopolar. </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Solo hemos encontrado virus del orden <i>Picornavirales</i> y hemos identificado tambi&eacute;n algunos virus dominantes en el lago. En algunos casos, hasta el 70% de los virus encontrados se corresponden con una &uacute;nica especie, algo muy peculiar&rdquo;, se&ntilde;ala Antonio Alcam&iacute;, cient&iacute;fico del CSIC en el Centro de Biolog&iacute;a Molecular Severo Ochoa (centro mixto del CSIC y la Universidad Aut&oacute;noma de Madrid) y responsable del estudio. &ldquo;Este virus dominante se ha mantenido abundante y estable gen&eacute;ticamente durante tres a&ntilde;os, lo que sugiere que ha encontrado un genoma optimizado -la soluci&oacute;n evolutiva casi perfecta- para dominar el ecosistema extremo de este lago&rdquo;, explica.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los lagos ant&aacute;rticos permanecen cubiertos de hielo durante la mayor parte del a&ntilde;o y tienen muy poca influencia de animales. Sus ecosistemas son muy sencillos y est&aacute;n dominados por microorganismos que se han adaptado a las condiciones ambientales extremas. La pen&iacute;nsula Byers es una de las pozas zonas de la Ant&aacute;rtida que se descongela durante el verano. La transici&oacute;n de un lago cubierto de hielo en primavera a un lago abierto en verano da lugar a cambios notables en la comunidad viral.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Este deshielo ha permitido a los investigadores detectar un fen&oacute;meno que no se conoc&iacute;a en la microbiolog&iacute;a ambiental: los virus generan m&aacute;s variaciones para adaptarse a un nuevo ambiente y competir con los virus que ya habitan este medio. As&iacute; ocurre con los virus que viven en los tapetes microbianos en la superficie de la cuenca. Estos tapetes son estructuras primitivas que se encuentran en la actualidad en ambientes extremos pero hace millones de a&ntilde;os generaron la atm&oacute;sfera de ox&iacute;geno de la Tierra. Cuando se produce el deshielo, los virus que habitan los tapetes son arrastrados al lago. Al encontrarse en un ambiente extra&ntilde;o sufren una mayor variaci&oacute;n que podr&iacute;a ayudarles a competir con los virus dominantes en el lago.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Este proyecto ha sido financiado por el Programa Polar del Ministerio de Econom&iacute;a y Competitividad, y la expedici&oacute;n fue posible gracias al apoyo log&iacute;stico de la Unidad de Tecnolog&iacute;a Marina, del CSIC, y del buque de investigaci&oacute;n oceanogr&aacute;fica <i>Las Palmas</i> de la Armada. &nbsp;</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">A. L&oacute;pez-Bueno, A. Rastrojo, R. Peir&oacute;, M- Arenas y A. Alcam&iacute;. <b>Ecological connectivity shapes quasispecies structure of RNA viruses in an Antartic lake</b>. <i>Molecular Ecology</i>. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13321.</span></span><span style="font-size: small;" /><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></li> </ul> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><a target="_blank" href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/0fe43e00-7317-499b-96df-bb4bcbcaaf5f/12agosto2015_virusRNA_Antartida.pdf"><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Nota de prensa</span></span></strong></a><em><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"> (pdf 465K)</span></span></em><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span><em><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span></em></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><a href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/e72ccec6-5bf3-4096-bab1-3b4b99a9ce68/Toma%2520de%2520muestras%2520(ManuelToro_CSIC).jpg" target="_blank"><strong>Fotograf&iacute;a</strong></a><em> (jpg 2,3M)</em></span></span><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:24Z La revolución industrial detuvo un proceso de 1.800 años de enfriamiento oceánico ENFRIAMIENTO_OCEANOS_12128997.gcl 2018-01-31T23:10:24Z 2018-01-31T23:10:24Z <div class="description">18/08/2015</div><div class="body"><p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Un aumento en la frecuencia y magnitud de las erupciones volc&aacute;nicas pudo ocasionar un enfriamiento paulatino de la temperatura superficial del mar durante 1.800 a&ntilde;os, tendencia que se detuvo con la llegada de la revoluci&oacute;n industrial. Esta es una de las principales conclusiones a las que ha llegado un estudio internacional con participaci&oacute;n del Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cient&iacute;ficas (CSIC) y que ha sido publicado en la revista <i>Nature Geoscience</i>. Los resultados del trabajo proporcionan una nueva perspectiva al estudio de las variaciones de temperatura en la superficie del oc&eacute;ano a escala regional y global a lo largo de los siglos antes de la aparici&oacute;n del cambio clim&aacute;tico antropog&eacute;nico, es decir, influenciado por la actividad humana. </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;El hecho que detectemos de forma consistente una tendencia al enfriamiento tanto en las observaciones llevadas a cabo en tierra como en el mar sugiere que dicha tendencia en la &eacute;poca pre-industrial era robusta, sobre todo en el &uacute;ltimo milenio. Esta tendencia ha sido revertida por un calentamiento estad&iacute;sticamente significativo en los dos &uacute;ltimos siglos&rdquo;, explica la investigadora del CSIC Bel&eacute;n Martrat, del Instituto de Diagn&oacute;stico Ambiental y Estudios del Agua.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Seg&uacute;n este estudio, las temperaturas m&aacute;s bajas a lo largo de los 1.800 a&ntilde;os de enfriamiento oce&aacute;nico se produjeron sobre todo hacia la &uacute;ltima parte del periodo que en tierra firme se conoce como la Peque&ntilde;a Edad del Hielo, esto es, aproximadamente desde el siglo XVI al XVIII, con consecuencias documentadas hist&oacute;ricamente, por ejemplo, en las sociedades europeas. &ldquo;Sab&iacute;amos que, a corto plazo, las erupciones volc&aacute;nicas tienen un efecto refrigerante sobre la atm&oacute;sfera. Ahora nuestros resultados muestran que, cuando la actividad volc&aacute;nica se produce de manera m&aacute;s frecuente, ese efecto refrigerante se prolonga en el oc&eacute;ano&rdquo;, afirma Helen McGregor, de la Universidad de Wollongong, en Australia.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los investigadores han llegado a estos resultados al combinar por primera vez 57 estudios previos sobre la evoluci&oacute;n temporal de la temperatura superficial oce&aacute;nica estimada a partir de materiales f&oacute;siles marinos, que han sido extra&iacute;dos de sedimentos acumulados de forma uniforme en los fondos oce&aacute;nicos. Los resultados se compararon posteriormente con datos obtenidos mediante indicadores terrestres, como los anillos de los &aacute;rboles o los testigos de hielo. Para observar las tendencias a largo plazo, la informaci&oacute;n fue agrupada en tramos de 200 a&ntilde;os.</span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Los modelos clim&aacute;ticos han sido fundamentales para descubrir las causas de ese enfriamiento. Examinamos varios de los factores que pod&iacute;an afectar a la temperatura superficial oce&aacute;nica, como la actividad solar, los cambios en los par&aacute;metros orbitales terrestres, los usos de la tierra, la actividad volc&aacute;nica y los gases de efecto invernadero. De todos ellos, la actividad volc&aacute;nica se revel&oacute; como determinante para reproducir la tendencia que coincid&iacute;a con las observaciones&rdquo;, a&ntilde;ade Martrat. </span></span></p> <p><strong><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Entender el pasado para mirar hacia el futuro</span></span></strong><span style="font-size: small;" /></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">La se&ntilde;al de enfriamiento detectada en los registros marinos muestra el modo en que act&uacute;a el oc&eacute;ano como regulador del clima. En comparaci&oacute;n con la atm&oacute;sfera, el oc&eacute;ano puede absorber grandes cantidades de calor. Como consecuencia, se retrasa sustancialmente el calentamiento del clima de la superficie para despu&eacute;s actuar como emisor de ese calor. </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&ldquo;Todav&iacute;a estamos aprendiendo sobre el papel de los oc&eacute;anos como mediadores en las variaciones clim&aacute;ticas. La detecci&oacute;n de los factores que cambiaron las temperaturas del oc&eacute;ano en el pasado nos abre una ventana hacia la comprensi&oacute;n de los cambios clim&aacute;ticos inferidos para los pr&oacute;ximos siglos&rdquo;, afirma Mike Evans, de la Universidad de Maryland (Estados Unidos). </span></span></p> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Los investigadores McGregor y Evans forman parte junto a Martrat del equipo que lidera el grupo de trabajo Ocean2k de <i>PAGES</i> (<i>Past Global Changes</i>), que actualmente cuenta con m&aacute;s de 75 miembros conectados a una red formada por cerca de 600 cient&iacute;ficos. Desde la formaci&oacute;n del grupo en 2011, decidieron recurrir a la comunicaci&oacute;n virtual para realizar su trabajo, como medida para reducir su huella de carbono, lo cual &ldquo;ha sido un reto organizativo, pero tambi&eacute;n una experiencia muy positiva en todos los sentidos&rdquo;, concluye Martrat. El CSIC acoger&aacute; en Barcelona, del 6 al 8 de octubre en CosmoCaixa, la primera reuni&oacute;n presencial del grupo, en la que se profundizar&aacute; en las conclusiones de sus estudios y se planear&aacute; el seguimiento de las l&iacute;neas de investigaci&oacute;n abiertas.</span></span><span style="font-size: small;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">&nbsp;</span></span></p> <ul> <li><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;">Helen V. McGregor, Michael N. Evans, Hugues Goosse, Guillaume Leduc, Belen Martrat, Jason A. Addison, P. Graham Mortyn, Delia W. Oppo, Marit-Solveig Seidenkrantz, Marie-Alexandrine Sicre, Steven J. Phipps, Kandasamy Selvaraj, Kaustubh Thirumalai, Helena L. Filipsson and Vasile Ersek. <b>Robust global ocean cooling trend for the pre-industrial Common Era</b>. <i>Nature Geoscience</i>. DOI: 10.1038/NGEO2510</span></span></li> </ul> <p><span style="font-size: small;"><a target="_blank" href="http://documenta.wi.csic.es/alfresco/downloadpublic/direct/workspace/SpacesStore/775ddd31-eebc-4457-9132-ff40609ab71f/18agosto2015temperatura_oceanos.pdf"><span style="font-family: Arial;"><strong>Nota de prensa</strong></span></a><span style="font-family: Arial;"> (<em>151 kb</em>)</span></span><span style="font-size: smaller;"><span style="font-family: Arial;" /></span>&nbsp;</p></div> 2018-01-31T23:10:24Z